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FATWA

fatwa

In this gripping thriller, a US Senator crosses the line and opens herself and her family up to being methodically entrapped by an Al Qaeda cell.

A fatwa, in the Islamic  faith is a religious opinion concerning Islamic law  issued by an Islamic scholar. In Sunni Islam any fatwa is non-binding, whereas in Shia Islam  it could be binding, depending on the status of the scholar. Western media frequently uses the term incorrectly to specifically mean an Islamic law pronouncing a death sentence upon someone who is considered an infidel or a blasphemer, whereas the term’s correct definition is significantly broader. Fatwā cover social and political issues and jihad.  If a fatwā does not break new ground, then it is simply called a ruling.

History

In the early days of Islam, fatwa were pronounced by distinguished scholars to provide guidance to other scholars, judges and citizens on how subtle points of Islamic law should be understood, interpreted or applied. There were strict rules on who is eligible to issue a valid fatwa and who could not, as well as on the conditions the fatwa must satisfy to be valid.

According to the usul al-figh  (principles of jurisprudence), the fatwa must meet the following conditions in order to be valid:

The fatwa is in line with relevant legal proofs, deduced from Qur’anic verses and ahadith; provided the hadith was not later abrogated by Muhammad.
is issued by a person (or a board) having due knowledge and sincerity of heart

It is free from individual opportunism, and not depending on political servitude

It is adequate with the needs of the contemporary world.

Today, with the existence of modern independent States, each with its own legislative system, and/or its own body of  Ulemas, each country develops and applies its own rules, based on its own interpretation of religious prescriptions. Many Muslim countries  (such as Egypt  and Tunisia) have an official Mufti position; a distinguished expert in the Sharia  is appointed to this position by the civil authorities of the country. But his fatawas are binding on no one: neither the State which appoints him, nor any citizen

October 19, 2009 - Posted by | movies | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

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